From the Health Library of "What are the different types of burns?"


Well, yes, he’s a Burns, but I don’t think that’s what we’re addressing today.  Let’s look at some burns of the traumatic variety.


What’s a first degree burn?
A first-degree burn (superficial thickness) only involves the first (outer) layer of skin, and that layer is still intact.  Symptoms include pain, redness, and swelling.
What’s a second degree burn?
A second-degree burn (partial thickness) involves not only the first layer of skin (which has been completely burned through) but the second layer (the dermis) as well.  Symptoms include severe pain, redness, swelling, and blistering.
What’s a third degree burn?
A third-degree burn (full thickness) involves all skin layers and may also involve fat, muscle, bone, and nerves. The skin may appear charred or leathery, or it may appear dry and white.  These burns are severe enough that complications involving the lungs–from smoke inhalation–may require breathing support. These burns tend not to be as immediately painful due to destruction of nerves. Third degree burns cause permanent tissue damage.
How are burns treated?
Depending on the severity and degree of the injury, burns are often treated with tetanus infection immunization, topical antibiotics to prevent infection, vigorous fluid replacement, and sometimes skin grafting.
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